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EU agrees to regulate AI

EU agrees a historic agreement between the European Parliament and EU member states to establish comprehensive laws regulating artificial intelligence (AI). Here are the key points:

Landmark Deal: The agreement is described as “historic” by Thierry Breton, the European Commissioner responsible for a suite of laws covering AI, social media, and search engines. The negotiations lasted for a marathon 37 hours.

Scope of Regulation: The laws will govern not only AI but also social media and search engines, affecting major companies such as X, TikTok, and Google.

Global Leadership: The EU aims to lead in AI regulation, putting it ahead of the US, China, and the UK in the race to regulate AI and protect the public from potential risks associated with the rapidly developing technology.

Jonas Horsch

Enforcement and Timing: The details of the law are not fully disclosed, and the law is not expected to take effect until 2025 at the earliest.

Real-Time Surveillance: Protracted negotiations occurred over AI-driven surveillance, with a ban on real-time surveillance and biometric technologies, including emotional recognition, with three exceptions: unexpected terrorist threats, the need to search for victims, and prosecution of serious crimes.

Predictive Policing: The agreement includes a guarantee that “independent authorities” must give permission for “predictive policing” to prevent potential abuse by law enforcement.

Human-Centric Approach: The legislation aims to ensure that the development of AI in Europe follows a human-centric approach, respecting fundamental rights and human values, and building trust.

Risk-Based Regulation: The foundation of the agreement is a risk-based tiered system, where the highest level of regulation applies to machines posing the highest risks to health, safety, and human rights.

Regulation for AI Services: The regulation applies to AI services with major obligations, including basic rules about disclosing data used to train machines.

Global Impact: The EU’s strong and comprehensive regulation may set an example for other governments considering AI regulation, with the potential for emulation in various aspects by other countries.

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